How CBD Oil is Produced – Plant Selection, Isolate Extraction, and More

CBD oil is available almost everywhere in different forms. Today, you will find CBD oil products in vape shops, dispensaries, food stores, wellness clinics and in online stores. There are also many brands of CBD oil for sale both locally and online. But, before you purchase your CBD, you might want to know how it is produced. Understanding how different brands produce their CBD oil will enable you to choose the best product.

Cannabis products are becoming increasingly popular following the revelations by researchers that this compound has the potential to help with different health conditions. In the past, CBD was seen as a supplement for people with serious illnesses only. However, CBD is now popular even among0 the general public. This has also led to an increase in the brands of CBD oil. But, some of these brands are questionable. Therefore, as CBD oil’s consumer you should know how the CBD oil that you buy is made.

hemp plants

Plant Selection

Production of superior CBD oil begins with the selection of the right genetics of the cannabis plant. Whether you want to produce CBD oil from the hemp plant or marijuana, you must select a high CBD strain.

Major producers of CBD oil have worked hard over the years to come up with cannabis strains that yield high amounts of CBD. Essentially, quality CBD oil comes from cannabis strains that have more CBD than THC. Although CBD oil can be extracted from most hemp plants or cannabis strains, selecting a high CBD genetic increases CBD oil quality and yield.

Isolates versus Whole Plant

After cultivation, the plant is now ready for oil extraction. The current market has different products with CBD oil. Some of these products are labeled as extracts of the “whole plant”. This means that they are made from the extract of every part of the plant. As such, the products include a wider cannabinoids spectrum. Cannabinoid spectrum produces the entourage effect. This stimulates the human endocannabinoid system.

On the other hand, CBD isolates are made of pure CBD oil. That means CBD isolates depend on CBD effectiveness only. That’s why selecting the right cannabis plant to grow when producing CBD oil is very important.

CBD Oil Extraction

CBD oil is extracted from the cannabis plant flowers. It is concentrated in the trichomes or resin glands. The oil in these glands has CBD in high amounts. And this oil differs in quantity and quality among different strains. Active cannabidiol in flowers is concentrated and purified using different production techniques. After deriving high concentration and potency CBD oil, it may be used in less dosage and still produce the desired effects.

Since CBD oil comes in liquid form, it is consumed orally or administered as a prescription. Flowers and seeds of the hemp plant are mostly used in the production of CBD oil which becomes an active ingredient in different medical therapies.

CBD extrac is produced by combining a plant that is rich in cannabinoids with compounds like ethanol and CO2. It’s important to note that these compounds leave residues in the oil. And, quality of the final product depends on the purity and potency of the extracted oil.

CBD Oil Extraction Methods

Alcohol Extraction

This method entails soaking the plant in grain alcohol as the solvent. After soaking the plant material, the liquid that remains is filled with the isolate. The solvent is then evaporated to leave CBD behind. The CBD that is produced this way can be used immediately.

This method is used to produce CBD on a commercial scale. Ethanol is currently used to produce CBD oil via this method. Essentially, ethanol is used to soak plant material and the resulting solution goes into a Roto-Vap. Here, the solution is heated and alcohol evaporates. Thus, instead of leaving the alcohol to evaporate into an open space, it is reclaimed by Roto-Vap and used later. There is a different chamber for collecting CBD oil without the solvent.

CO2 Extraction

This method of extracting CBD oil from the plant material requires more equipment and skills. It involves several chambers with controlled pressure and temperature. In simple terms, CO2 goes through the hemp or cannabis plant material.

These chambers have pressure and temperature that lead to the separation and reaction of CO2 or cannabinoid solution. Different chambers are used to collect cannabinoids as they separate and react. This method makes separation of cannabinoids possible.

Carrier Oil Extraction

This is an inexpensive CBD oil extraction method and it yields CBD with minimal chemical residues and high amount of omega rich acids. It entails the use of olive oil or hemp seeds oil as the carrier. This leads to the extraction of resin from flowers and plants. However, the shelf life of the CBD oil that is extracted via this method is short. But, the final CBD oil that is extracted via this method is very effective when applied topically or taken orally.

Post Extraction Processes

decarboxylator

Decarboxylation

In most cases, CBD oil undergoes a decarboxylation process after extraction. This is a heating process that converts cannabis products into an easily usable form. Decarboxylated cannabinoids interact with the cannabinoid receptors of the human endocannabinoid system immediately. Although cannabidiol is can be consumed in its pure form, the market offers it in different forms. These include tinctures, capsules, body care, and liquid products.

cold press extraction for cbd

Dilution and Flavoring

After extraction, CBD oil doesn’t have a good taste. As such, CBD producers work on it to make the final product tasty by adding flavors. Additionally, consumers look for CBD oil with different strength levels. Therefore, producers dilute the raw cannabidiol to accommodate the needs of different consumers.

Being a consumer of cannabis products, it’s important to know that the quality of the extract that you purchase is largely dependent on the plant that it is derived from and the extraction process. The best producers of CBD oil have a vertical integration. That means they have total control of the safety and quality of their product from plant selection to the production of the final products. Nevertheless, pure CBD extract is concentrated and thick. Although it may be diluted with coconut oil, vegetable oils, and olive oil, the final product is still of a high quality.

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